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What is periodontology and why is it important

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of bacterial etiology that affects the supporting tissues around the teeth. The host plays an important role in disease susceptibility. In the early stages of periodontitis, some patients are not aware of any problems.

However, as the disease progresses, patients may complain of bleeding gums, awareness of a bad taste in their mouth and, in later stages, become aware of loose teeth. If periodontitis is not treated, it can result in both loss of teeth and function which can negatively impact a patient’s quality of life.

There are risk factors for periodontal disease including poor oral hygiene, tobacco use, diabetes, genetics, poor nutrition and stress. It is important to consider these factors when managing patients with periodontitis, in order to aid successful treatment. Thoroughly assessing and diagnosing the type of periodontal disease using the current classification system is essential.

According to the latest data 37% of the adult population suffer from moderate levels of chronic periodontitis (with 4-6mm pocketing), while 8% of the population suffer from severe periodontitis (with Pocketing exceeding 6mm). Severe periodontitis has been found to affect 11% of adults worldwide.

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